Asian and North African communities are renowned for community living and dining. Meals are often taken in large groups sitting around a table or on the floor, sometimes shared from one large plate or two. It speaks a lot about the people and their large-heartedness and kinship.
Since the formation of the UAE in 1971 and the exploration of oil, its visionary and ambitious leaders have ensured that Emiratis enjoy world-class infrastructure and a lifestyle that is quite in tune with their ancient civilization and communal culture. The Bedouin lifestyle of Emirati forefathers has seamlessly blended today with the continental appetite for good life and good food. The modern diet of the Emirati people is cosmopolitan, especially in the emirates of Dubai, Abu Dhabi and Sharjah which have a sizeable expatriate population.
The Arab habit of eating together strengthens family bonds; thus food becomes a means of reinforcing family relations. In winter, especially in Dubai and Sharjah, Arab women and children can be seen picnicking in parks and corniche lawns, sharing tea or their traditional Qahwa, while men chat over a cup of coffee at signature cafes.The coffee club culture is there in all seasons with malls hosting numerous internationally acclaimed coffee shops. Barbecues are also common during winter nights.
Traditional cuisine: Emirati cuisine is a delectable mix of Middle Eastern and Asian cuisine; being much milder than south Asian cuisine, it is easy on the palate and the tummy. The Arabic cuisine commonly consists of dry breads like kuboos and pita with grilled fish and meat like mutton or beef. Fish like hammour is the local popular for grilling but imported Norwegian salmon is also a hot favorite. Frying does not seem a preferred option except while preparing snacks like falafel (which reminds one of the Indian parippuvada) and luqaimat (which looks like the desigulab jamun, though the texture and ingredients are different).
When one thinks of Arabic food, the images that come to mind are of their great traditional Arabic coffee (Qahwa) and dates. The Arabic coffee beans, lightly roasted and ground with cardamom and saffron, is brewed in an ibrik (coffee pot). An immense variety of dates are also available in the UAE-- Saudi Arabian, Palestinian, Iranian etc. – since date palms are a familiar sight in the entire Arabian peninsula and North African (MENA) region. Its prime importance in Arabic life can be gauged from the fact that it is a holy fruit which Muslims take along with water to break their day-long fast during the Ramadan month.
Harees, a one-pot dish made from wheat and meat, is also popular during special occasions like Ramadan and Eid.
Shawarma is a common item in the Arab food but is actually not a traditional Emirati offering. Its popularity stems from the fact that it is a quick and tasty option, and is your food on the go. This could easily pass off as the UAE's favorite food. Here again, the taste and filling can vary depending on where you are -- a Lebanese, Iraqi, Syrian or Kerala restaurant. Combine it with a plate of falafel fritters for as low as AED 1 a plate, and your supper is truly filling.
Tabbouleh is a nutritional salad made of chopped parsley, tomatoes, and bulgur wheat. Vegetarian visitors to the UAE, keen on trying local dishes, can bank on this one dish to keep themselves afloat. Then there is Hummus, a delectable dip, and Fattoush,a bread salad made using fried pita bread.